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Shocking Study: The Loss Of Nutrients in Processed Dog Food

Shocking Study: The Loss Of Nutrients in Processed Dog Food

Did you know: As much as 50% of nutrients and vitamins such as A, E, D and K are lost before your dog's food is packed. Key vitamins your dog's body needs for growth and overall health. Learn the truth about your dog's processed food and what you can do to recover these lost nutrients. 

Nutrition is the basis of good health for our pet friends. Diet is the most essential component of your dog’s health. The best nutrition for your pet isn’t unlike the best nutrition for you – it includes an array of whole foods enriched with minerals and vitamins, supplements and enzymes, to prevent disease, address health concerns, and promote optimal health. Many people assume dog food nutrients are abundant however during the processing stage of dog food nutrients are lost. The loss of nutrients in processed dog food is something that should be of great concern to dog owners.

The loss of nutrients in processed dog food

The preparation of commercial dog foods – canned and kibble – provides many benefits, including improved consistency, convenience, enhanced texture and flavor, decreased spoilage and pathogen control. But, extensive processing may create unwholesome byproducts, destroy essential nutrients and increase variability. Even worse, this creates a dilemma for formulators to ascertain that a dog food is fortified sufficiently while maintain minimal, negative processing effects. An article on states that raw ingredients of dog foods are heated, steamed, and or pressured in the manufacturing process to treat them. Now, imagine cooking a fish three times before eating it. The result, as the article explains can be the “destruction of important nutrition of the dog food”. Unlike human foods, a majority of the starting ingredients that are used in commercial dog diets have already been processed extensively (e.g., bone meal, rice bran, rice bran, meat, etc.), all of these ingredients in are mixed together and processed under quite extreme conditions, (e.g. extrusion) and the final product expected to be preserved for close to a year in ambient conditions.

Which nutrients are lost?

To some degree at each processing step all vitamins seem to be affected from to production to shelf-storage.

The most significant is the loss of fat-soluble vitamins (A, E, D, and K) with more than 50 percent lost before the food is packed.

The B-vitamin thiamine (water-soluble) can almost be lost completely because of its reactivity with thiaminase in organ meats and fish, and enzymes sulfites, heat, elevated pH, moisture, sulfites, as well as elevated pH (Coelho, 2003).

What to do to recover these lost nutrients

A proper balanced diet is very important for your dog. In order to function normally, dogs need a certain combination of vitamins, protein, fats, water and carbohydrates every day. The loss of nutrients in processed dog food can be corrected by adding synthetic minerals and vitamins in the form of mixes into the food. This form of super-fortification can greatly help support nutritional adequacy in processed dog foods. Mixes are intended as a base where you add fresh foods like eggs, meat, and dairy (cottage cheese, kefir, and yogurt) to make a complete diet. Even though they are more expensive compared with homemade diets, they make preparation easier and offer similar nutritional benefits, as well as aiding to ensure that all of your dog’s nutritional requirements are met. vitabullybanner There is a wide range of products available on the markets, ranging from those that are whole diets without added foods (designed to remain balanced even when fresh foods are put in), to those that offer little nutritional info and should not be depended on to offer complete nutrients, but can be used occasionally when feeding your dog. As such, it is important to pay attention when choosing which products to feed your pets for the sake of their nutrition. And finally as another alternative, Vita Bully Vitamins for Bullies are healthy, safe, vet-approved multivitamin that contain many key nutrients listed above that go missing in your dog's food. They'll help your bully regain those missing key nutrients they need for overall health.

Skin & Coat Problems On Your Bully? Here Are 5 Simple Fixes.

Skin & Coat Problems On Your Bully? Here Are 5 Simple Fixes.

The skin is the largest organ in any living creature. Thus, it’s largely the open outward reflection of an inside health problem, which can be either mental or physical. With a proper holistic approach, a dog with a skin/coat problem can be restored to perfect health. This will be shown or reflected by the state of the skin and even the fur. There are several ways of fixing skin or coat problems.

Fixing the dog’s diet What the dog eats has a great toll on its overall health. It is of great importance to ensure that your dog’s skin problem is not brought about by its diet. This is because food sensitivities are common in dogs due to genetic make-up or probably because the dog is fed with the same food over and over. To detect whether the cause is the former, that is sensitivities and allergies due to genetic make-up, keenly observe your dog’s reaction to different foods. There may be signs of an itchy skin when it feeds on some foods. This is often a red light to the particular food, and you may have to withdraw this particular diet and substitute it with a more skin friendly diet.

Use of Aloe Vera The gel emitted by the Aloe Vera herb when its cut is a soothing remedy to the dog’s skin problems. This is applied by smoothly rubbing the gel on the skin of the dog. Aloe Vera herb has been scientifically proven as a natural medication since it provides the much needed vitamin E, and thus this works just perfectly on your dog.

Use of Natural Shampoos Use of natural, chemical free and even home-made shampoos has been a helpful remedy in reducing the redness on a dog’s skin. This is because a natural shampoo has a cooling effect which helps soothe the skin. Once you use the shampoo, let it dry on the skin then use green tea to clean the skin. This tea provides tannic acid which works together with the shampoo to provide relief to the skin.

Use of a Calendula herb The liquid mixture obtained by dipping calendula flowers in hot water and allowing it to cool is also a solution to a dog’s coat problems. Applying this mixture on a dog’s coat is known for providing rapid healing of the skin.

Oatmeal bath An oatmeal bath on the skin can be very helpful. Adding rolled oats in hot water and pouring on your dog’s skin once cooled can be helpful in soothing and healing a dog’s skin.

Milk of magnesia This one is very helpful on itchy, irritated or even dry skin. The treatment is carried out by pouring the milk of magnesia on cotton and applying it on the skin.

Baking soda A mixture of baking soda and water applied on an itching skin provides relief. As they say, the dog is man’s best friend. It is your place to keep your best friend in the best possible health condition. For that reason, it is of vital importance to keep the dog from continuous scratching, licking or biting the skin. This is because this can lead to infections and even bleeding.

The Top 5 Biggest Health Problems in Bull Breeds (Plus Prevention Tips)

The Top 5 Biggest Health Problems in Bull Breeds (Plus Prevention Tips)

According to OFA (the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals),  bull breeds share a number of common potential diseases. Those include hip dysplasia, cardiac, skin and eye problems, as well as allergies. Some of them can be prevented, while others can be at least delayed if treated in time. Those are:

1. Hip dysplasia What is it? Hip dysplasia happens when the cartilage that lines the femoral head deteriorates. This results in malformations of the ball and socket joints of the hip. Hip dysplasia might lead to severe pain and crippling, if not diagnosed in time. For instance, the Orthopedic Foundation of America states that, “the English Bulldog has the highest incidence of hip dysplasia of all breeds, 74% are dysplastic”.

The Cause of it In the first 60 days of life, some bull breeds develop their bones faster than their muscle tissues. This makes their hip joints become loose, which later leads to the deterioration of the femoral head cartilage. Genetics are the main cause of the condition. Other factors that increase the risks of the condition are: - Genetic vulnerability for hip laxity or looseness - Obesity – more body mass results in more pressure on the joints - Nutrition – a high calorie diet is associated with faster growth, which greatly increases the risks of hip dysplasia.

How to Prevent It While there are some ways to reduce the risks of developing hip dysplasia, there’s no known way of preventing it. Genetics remain the main cause of the condition. Therefore, if you’re looking to buy a bull breed puppy, make sure it has one of the following certificates: OFA Evaluation, or OVC Evaluation, or PennHIP Evaluation. Secondly, it’s important to keep the dog in its optimal weight. Obesity contributes to joint wear. According to, “Research also shows that puppies with constant access to food have a higher incidence of hip dysplasia than their counterparts who eat 25 percent less food”.

The Cost to fix it According to Dr. Patty Khuly, a practicing veterinarian, there are only two kinds of treatment, worth considering. - Total Hip Replacement (THR) – the entire joint is replaced by synthetic components.

That’s by far the only decent way to overcome severe hip dysplasia symptoms. The price starts from $3,500 per joint. - Juvenile Pubic Symphysiodesis (JPS) – if the disorder was diagnosed when the pup was younger than 16 weeks old, then this method can be used to prevent hip dysplasia from developing. The costs go from $1,000 to $3,000 per hip.


2. Heart Disease What is it? Bull breed tend to suffer from congenital heart disease. It can affect one or both sides of the heart and it may take years to develop. English Bulldogs in particular are susceptible to subaortic and pulmonic stenosis, mitral valve disease and septal defect.

The Cause of it While some dogs are born with heart defects, others develop them over the years. Heartworms infection is also considered a common cause of congenital heart diseases.

How to Prevent It There are several ways to prevent them, which include: - If you’re planning to buy a puppy, make sure it has either a Congenital Cardiac Exam OR an Advanced Cardiac Exam certificate. - Make sure you supply your dog with ivermectin or any other appropriate heartworm preventing drugs monthly.

Why it happens? Congenital heart diseases happen when by some reasons the heart can no longer pump the needed amount of blood to the dog’s brain and other organs. While the causes range from congenital issues, age, or heartworm infection, the results are always the same.

The Cost to fix it - The cost to treat adult heartworms ranges from $300 to $1,000 or more. The most expensive procedures include X-Ray analysis, which allows a more appropriate and safe treatment. - In the case of heavy heart murmurs, an operation should be considered. The costs start from $7,000 and can easily reach the $15,000 mark. skinissues

3. Skin Problems What is it? Bull breeds might experiment different skin problems. While some of them are caused by bacterial infections, there are many cases when the reason behind itchy skin is flea.

The Cause of it - Eczema – it’s a non-contagious condition, which involves an itchy and dry skin. It might have many causes, which include allergies, hormonal problems and hot climate. - Seborrhoea is another problem, common for bull breed. This condition makes the dog’s skin to become either excessively greasy or dry. It also might be secondary to other skin disorders. - Acute Moist Dermatitis – also known as “hot spots”, are red, circular, hairless and itchy lesions. Those are allergenic reaction to different stimulus, including some kinds of food, flea bites, mange (parasites) and anal gland problems.

How to Prevent It In order to prevent most of those diseases, it’s essential to keep the dog clean. Poor hygiene is the main cause of skin problems.

Why it happens? Yeast and bacteria is often trapped in the skin folds of bulldogs. Once there, the microorganisms quickly develop and might end up causing a skin infection.

The Cost to fix it In the case of flea infection (or any other skin parasite), the Frontline dog spray might help to eliminate the infection. That’s one of the cheapest DIY ways to deal with the issue. In the case if the condition is aggravated with bacterial infections and the dog starts to lose lots of hair, it’s better to ask vet for help. The cheapest Frontline spray bottle costs $35. allergies

4. Allergies What is it? Just like humans, bull breeds might be allergic to certain products. Once the allergy is triggered, they will either start itching, scratching or biting something. The might also sneeze or shake their heads.

The Cause of it There are three categories of allergens: - Atopic allergies. Boxers and Bulldogs are listed among the breeds that are susceptible to atopic allergies, which mean that they are prone to react to pollen, dust or mold. - Flea allergies. - Food allergies. The most common allergenic foods include dairy products, grains, meat and fish.

How to Prevent It The only proven way to prevent allergies is to keep the dog away from the allergen. In the case with food, it’s a good idea to find an alternative which would have the required proteins. In the case with flea, it’s a good idea to try the Frontline spray or its alternatives.

Why it happens? The overexposure to any of the mentioned allergens might lead the dog to develop an allergy. Genetics also affect the probability of that to happen. The

Cost to fix it While the best way to easy the allergenic reaction is by eliminating the presence of allergens, there are other ways to deal with the problem. Most veterinarians recommend antihistamines. According to Dr. Eckholm, “Allergy shots have up to an 80% success rate”.  Another alternative are immune-suppressants, such as Apoquel. A bottle of Apoquel costs $336.

5. Eye Problems What is it? Brenda Bonnett, a consulting veterinary epidemiologist stated that, according to the results of her study of Swedish dog-insurance data from 1995 to 2006, “bulldogs are significantly more likely than other dogs to suffer from a wide range of health issues, including ear and eye problems”. There are four common eye problems for bull breed, each of them having a different cause and solution.

The Cause of it - Cherry Eye is the infection of the bulldog’s third eyelid. When the gland under the eyelid gets infected, it will become swollen and part of it will become visible. - Dry Eyes (or KCS) is often caused by an untreated cherry eye condition. The malfunctioning gland doesn’t produce enough tears, which leads to lack of eye humidification. - Entropion is caused when part of the eyelid rolls in the eye. That causes irritation and might lead to further complications. - Corneal Ulcers are little fissures in the transparent part of the eye that fail to heal. This makes the dog to squint or rub its eyes at first, and might potentially lead to many complications, including vision loss.

How to Prevent It The best way to prevent complications is to have the dog checked by the wet at least once a year. It’s also important to observe your dog and notice if it is always tearing, rubbing his eyes or squinting.

Why it happens? Cherry Eye and Entropion are often genetic problems. The formation of the eye and eyelids makes it possible for those two conditions to happen.

The Cost to fix it The cost to fix Cherry Eyes starts from $100 per gland. That’s quite not a lot, compared to Corneal Ulcer surgeries, which start from $1,000 on the early stages.

The Bottom Line Bull breeds require a lot of care and attention. It’s also important to buy puppies from certified kennels that can provide all the needed documentation. Since most of the mentioned problems have genetic roots, it’s important to be sure that the puppy has a healthy lineage.

The Top 3 High Calorie Dog Food You Should Consider.

The Top 3 High Calorie Dog Food You Should Consider.

GNC Ultra Mega Dog Formula is a well-balanced dietary formula that not only helps in boosting calorie uptake for your dog, but also supports healthy skin and pelt. The manufacturers have a rich history of providing healthy food products dating back 75 years, they also ensure that all canine products available for sale are fresh right from purchase.

This tasty gel can be spread on top of any treats that you give your dog daily, it also packs extra vitamins and nutrients to boost the animal’s immune system. Providing additional energy and calories for performing various tasks and exercises that the canine may undertake.

Some of the essential minerals found in this product include sodium at 0.3%, magnesium 0.2%, chloride 1.3%, copper 0.1mg, zinc 1.5mg, manganese 0.25mg and iron 3mg. The overall calorie content of GNC Ultra Mega is 4,060 kcal/kg, which also translates to approximately 5.07kcal per 1/4 tablespoon. As for feeding method, give the dog 1/4 teaspoon of the gel for every 20lbs of its body weight daily.

Though adding it to a meal is more suitable, you can still feed the canine directly from the tube. This product is only intended for supplemental or intermittent feeding and should be stored at standard room temperature for the best performance.

Nutri Source Super Performance Nutri Source is a scientifically designed dog food that provides sufficient calorie quotient for hard working, expectant and recovering dogs. Including those that need to gain weight fast for whichever reason. The product provides super premium nutrition and is also relatively easy to digest.

One user openly admits that 'dogs LOVE it-they are full of energy and look great’. NutriSource combines a blend of chicken, rice and individually selected ingredients to provide the highest levels of energy that your dog needs. It’s perfect for maintaining muscle-mass and strength in hardworking dogs. Another user who owns a Malinois says that 'this food has been extremely easy on the dog’s stomach, I haven’t’ noticed ANY coat changes whatsoever.’

The high-quality fats and carbohydrates offer necessary fuel needed to perform demanding chores, whereas chicken gives the enticing flavor which encourages your dog to take the formula even when eating under stress or low appetite.

All nutrients have been simplified for better digestion and go to work immediately within the body, resulting in far less wastage. Apart from chicken and brown rice, other ingredients found in this product include barley, oatmeal, fish meal, flax seeds, dried-up beet pulp, natural turkey and dried egg product amongst others. Also available are Omega 3 & 6 fatty acids with DHA as well as Probiotics and Prebiotics.

Dyne High Calorie Liquid Dietary Supplement Dyne is a nutritious high-calorie supplement that’s suitable for canines recovering from illness, lactating females and working dogs. This vanilla-flavored liquid formula contains approximately 150 calories an ounce which can be served in a palatable, easy-to-consume pudding that dogs will lap on quickly.

It can also be administered orally using a syringe or dropper. Dyne will be useful for underweight puppies which are not able to consume solid food, it can further be taken to increase stamina and peak performance for racing/working dogs. As one dog owner puts it, 'Dyne is a thick yellow-cake-batter-like substance which fattens canines so that if they don’t eat right every day’, at least they won’t look as if they are starving.’

For intake purposes, puppies should have 1 teaspoon per 5lbs of their bodyweight daily, whereas adults will do best with 2 tablespoons per 20-30 pounds body weight 3 times in a day.

The Science Behind Satin Balls for Weight Gain

The Science Behind Satin Balls for Weight Gain

 Satin balls were developed by Diana Carreon, R.N.,C. in 1996. According to multiple reviews, Satin balls are the healthiest meal to help dogs with weight gain. Nevertheless, there several Satin ball recipe modifications, made by other people. They replaced some of the components, speculating that some of the original Satin balls ingredients weren’t healthy enough. Although none of those people are vets, nor they provided solid evidence to back up their claims, it’s still a good idea to analyze each of the original Satin balls ingredients.

Satin Balls and Pups Diana Carreon warned that Satin balls aren’t meant for pups. The authors of the website provide an explanation to that fact: “[Satin Balls] contain no additional calcium to offset the increased phosporus from the increased protein in the raw meat”. On the other hand, balanced dog food ensures that the calcium/phosphorus/manganese ratios are kept. Michael J. from Holisticdog then adds that the lack of balance is harmful only for pups, whose bones and joints are developing. Please note that Satin Balls do provide calcium thanks to unsulfured molasses (described below), yet according the two mentioned sources above, that quantity isn’t enough for a dog in the process of bone development.

The Original Satin Balls Recipe As mentioned in the original post by Diana Carreon from 1996: 10 pounds hamburger meat (any kind) 1lg. box Total cereal 1 lg. box oatmeal (uncooked) 1 jar (12 oz.) of wheat germ 1 1/4 cup vegetable oil 1 1/4 cup unsulfured molasses 10 raw eggs and shells 10 unflavored gelatinen evelopes Pinch of salt Then you mix all the components, divide into ziplocks and put inside the freezer. Thaw and feed raw.

The Science behind Satin Balls Are Satin balls healthy for dogs? How do they contribute to weight gain? Although raw meat and eggs are sources of proteins and fats, dogs need way more than that. Minerals play an important role in muscle tissue formation.

Here’s an analysis of Satin ball ingredients:

Oatmeal According to the holistic veterinarian Randy Kidd, DVM, PhD, it’s highly recommended to add oatmeal (raw or cooked) to pet’s meals. He states: “Besides [oat] nutritional benefits, many other benefits, from nervine to disease treatment, can be realized, too.”

  • - Oatmeal is a source of protein (being composed of about 17% of protein). According to World Health Organization, oatmeal contains the same quality protein as soy, milk or eggs.
  • Fiber: Oat contains soluble fiber that helps to keep cholesterol levels low.
  • Oat contains manganese, zinc, iron, and B vitamins (B5, pantothenic acid, and folate B9)
  • It helps to achieve hormonal balance.
  • It contains low level of gluten.

Wheat germ Wheat germ is used and recommended by many dog owners. Veterinarians approve the usage of the ingredient merely as a source of Omega-3 and -6. Nevertheless, some other official sources point that the mentioned ingredient might be way more than just a solid source of fatty acids. For instance, wheat germ oil blend is listed in as a vitamin source and an ingredient of various medicaments.

Even if wheat germ is nothing more than a source of high-quality fatty acids, the mentioned official source confirm the fact that the ingredient is fit to be consumed by dogs. Wheat germ is a source of Omega-3 and -6 and it serves several purposes, which include: - Skin protection and hydration. Those two fatty acids are also one of the requirements for shiny and soft haircoat. - Energy level and mental activity enhancement.

The veterinarians’ approved website states: “While omega-3 fatty acids may be harder to come by, the benefits are well worth the trouble.” Later, they add: “For most pets eating a commercial diet, an additional daily dose of omega-3s mixed into pet's food will be helpful”

Vegetable oil Yet another rich source of Omega-3 and -6. Flax, soybean and canola oils contain high amounts of Omega-3, while sunflower, safflower, evening primrose, corn and Borage oils are great sources of Omega-6.

Unsulfured molasses Not every kind of molasses is healthy for dogs. A a practicing veterinarian, states that Black Strap molasses is the healthiest choice. Dark molasses contain less sugar than the lighter ones, thus are healthier. Molasses is a source of calcium, phosphorus and magnesium.

Besides that, it’s rich in iron, manganese, selenium and Vitamin B-6. The vitamin B-6 it enhances fat digestion and amino acid metabolism, which might be the main reason why molasses help dogs to gain weight. It’s obvious that Satin Balls aren’t complete without unsulfured molasses. Dr. Flansburg-Cruz states that “The combination of minerals and other nutrients are difficult to top and there are many applications for its use.” Ironically enough, this ingredient is often overlooked.


Unflavored gelatin The Canine Cookbook states that “Carnivores would normally get gelatin from eating fresh kill”. Gelatin contains collagen, which is essential for the developments of ligaments, tissues, bones, tendons and skin. The amount of gelatin that should be added to the Satin Balls depends on the weight of the dog. The gelatin container should have the information to calculate the right amount of gelatin.

Pinch of salt Although the excess of salt is dangerous, there’s a minimal amount that should be given to dogs. The excess of sodium is called Hypernatremia and can be diagnosed and treated by your veterinarian.

In Conclusion Satin Balls contain minerals and other microelements that proved to be healthy for dogs. Although there’s no evidence that Satin Balls can be used as full meal replacement without long-term negative effects, they can be definitively used as a food supplement. If the dog needs to gain weight, Satin Balls include various nutrients that help to achieve that goal. Please keep in mind that if your dog has any allergies, or any other medical conditions, you should seek advice of a licensed veterinarian before you implement the Satin Balls in your dog’s diet.